Teeth Care, Teeth Grinding

What Are the Long-Term Effects of Untreated Teeth Grinding?

long term effects of teeth grinding

Teeth grinding, or bruxism, isn’t just a harmless habit; it’s a widespread dental concern that affects many without them even realizing it. Defined as the gnashing, clenching, or grinding of teeth, bruxism often occurs during sleep or as a response to stress during the day. It’s more than just an occasional occurrence—it’s estimated that around 8% of adults and even more children experience this regularly. While it might seem insignificant at first, neglecting this issue can lead to a myriad of complications that extend far beyond a mere dental nuisance.

Imagine your teeth as tiny warriors enduring a battle overnight or during stressful moments—they’re grinding against each other, trying to withstand the pressure. Bruxism comes in two forms: one sneaks in while you sleep, the other emerges when stress takes the reins during the day. Identifying bruxism isn’t always easy; it’s like a silent ninja, often leaving its mark without you realizing. Signs such as waking up with a sore jaw, headaches, or teeth that seem worn down are subtle hints. Risk factors for bruxism include stress, misaligned teeth, and sometimes, even genetics. Understanding these nuances is key to combating this invisible foe before it causes significant damage.

Short-Term Consequences of Untreated Bruxism

Teeth grinding, left unchecked, gradually wears down tooth enamel, leading to cracks, fractures, and heightened sensitivity. Gums recede, exposing tooth roots and causing discomfort with temperature changes. The jaw, essential for everyday tasks like chewing, becomes strained, resulting in persistent headaches and facial tension. These immediate consequences, akin to erosion on teeth and structural strain, highlight the pressing need to address bruxism promptly.

Long-Term Effects of Untreated Bruxism

Failure to address bruxism can pave the way for more severe, long-term repercussions. Continual teeth grinding leads to extensive tooth damage, sometimes to the extent of tooth loss, significantly impacting oral functionality and aesthetics. The heightened vulnerability to infections and persistent discomfort complicates daily life, potentially affecting speech and dietary choices. Chronic headaches and perpetual jaw pain become unwelcome companions, significantly diminishing one’s quality of life. Furthermore, the domino effect extends beyond oral health, potentially contributing to sleep disturbances, increased stress, and exacerbation of underlying health conditions. Addressing bruxism at its onset becomes paramount to mitigate these far-reaching and debilitating long-term effects:

  • Extensive tooth damage leading to potential tooth loss
  • Increased susceptibility to infections and oral health complications
  • Difficulty in chewing and speaking due to dental issues
  • Chronic headaches and migraines
  • Persistent jaw pain and facial discomfort
  • Potential disruptions to sleep patterns and increased stress levels
  • Association with and exacerbation of other health conditions (e.g., sleep disorders, earaches)
  • Psychological impact such as heightened anxiety and decreased quality of life
  • Potential strain on relationships and social interactions due to oral discomfort and appearance concerns

Protecting Your Teeth With a Custom Mouth Guard

Custom mouthguards play a pivotal role in preventing long-term damage caused by teeth grinding. Unlike generic over-the-counter options, custom-fitted mouthguards are crafted specifically for an individual’s mouth, ensuring a snug fit and maximum protection. By creating a barrier between the upper and lower teeth, these guards effectively absorb and distribute the forces generated during grinding, thereby minimizing the impact on tooth surfaces.

This tailored fit not only safeguards the teeth but also alleviates strain on the jaw muscles, reducing the likelihood of jaw pain and related discomfort. Additionally, custom mouthguards are designed to withstand prolonged use, maintaining their integrity over time and providing consistent protection against the repetitive wear and tear of bruxism. Their personalized fit and durability make them a superior choice in preventing the long-term consequences of untreated teeth grinding, offering both comfort and effective defense against potential dental complications.

Psychological and Emotional Impact

Beyond the physical toll, the psychological and emotional impact of untreated bruxism is profound. The persistent discomfort and daily challenges posed by dental issues can fuel anxiety and stress. Imagine the constant worry about the state of your teeth, the fear of persistent pain, or the frustration of altered facial appearance due to damage. These factors collectively erode self-esteem, impacting personal confidence and social interactions. The perpetual cycle of pain and worry not only affects the individual’s mental well-being but can also disrupt relationships and everyday activities, casting a shadow over one’s overall quality of life. Addressing the psychological aspect becomes an integral part of holistic bruxism management, aiming not just to alleviate physical symptoms but also to restore mental and emotional balance.

Prevention and Treatment Options

Managing bruxism involves a multi-pronged approach aimed at curbing the habit and alleviating its impact. Lifestyle adjustments play a pivotal role, including stress-reduction techniques like yoga or meditation that can help curb daytime teeth clenching. Dental interventions such as custom mouthguards or splints offer protection against nighttime grinding, preserving tooth surfaces and mitigating jaw strain.

Stress management techniques, cognitive behavioral therapy, or relaxation exercises serve as valuable adjuncts to address the underlying causes of bruxism. In severe cases, medical treatments or muscle relaxants might be recommended. Early intervention is key; understanding preventive measures and seeking professional advice can significantly mitigate the long-term effects of untreated bruxism, ensuring a healthier, pain-free future.

Seeking Professional Help

Consulting a dentist or healthcare professional is pivotal in addressing bruxism effectively. These experts can conduct thorough evaluations to determine the severity of the condition and its underlying causes. Early diagnosis enables tailored treatment plans, whether through recommending oral appliances like mouthguards or suggesting therapies to manage stress and anxiety. Regular check-ups also allow for monitoring any progression of dental damage and adjusting treatment strategies accordingly. Seeking professional guidance not only aids in managing the immediate effects but also ensures a comprehensive approach toward preventing long-term complications, emphasizing the importance of proactive oral health care.


Untreated teeth grinding, though initially subtle, unfolds into a cascade of detrimental consequences that extend far beyond mere dental discomfort. From the gradual erosion of enamel to persistent pain in the jaw and head, the repercussions of unaddressed bruxism are significant. The long-term effects encompass not only oral health but also psychological and emotional well-being, affecting daily life and overall quality of life. However, there’s hope in early intervention and a comprehensive approach to management.

By adopting preventive measures, seeking professional guidance, and addressing the root causes, individuals can safeguard against the severe, long-lasting impact of teeth grinding. Prioritizing oral health care and promptly addressing bruxism can pave the way for a healthier, pain-free future, underscoring the importance of vigilance and proactive dental care.

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sentinel mouthguards author
Ashely Notarmaso

Ashely Notarmaso is the author behind the Sentinel Mouth Guard Blog. She is the CEO and founder of Sentinel Mouth Guards (Founded in 2012) Her long-time work in the dental mouth guard arena and her excellent ability to listen to customer concerns in this often contradictory field has laid the groundwork to explore night guard/mouth guard fabrication in-depth and address real concerns. With the help of her team, she has created a unique fabrication method that promises a great fitting custom oral appliance every time. Amazon’s choice for #1 mouth guard! Visit the online store http://sentinelmouthguards.com

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